COMMON VASCULAR PLANTS
IN THE TIDAL MARSHES OF THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY ESTUARY

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Aizoaceae (fig-marigold family)

100x 1000x

Sesusvium verrucosum Raf. (western sea-purslane)

Alismataceae

40x 400x

Sagittaria latifolia Willd.

Caryophyllaceae (pink family)

200x 2000x

Cerastium glomeratum Thuill. (mouse-ear chickweed)

100x 1000x

Silene gallica L.

70x 700x

Spergula arvensis L. ssp. arvensis (stickwort, starwort)

70x 700x

Spergularia macrotheca (Hornem.) Heynh. var. longistyla R. Rossbach

120x 1200x

Spegularia marina (L.) Griseb.

Ceratophyllaceae (hornwort family)

100x 1000x

Ceratophyllum demersum L.

Chenopodiaceae (goosefoot family)

50x 500x

Atriplex patula L. ssp. hastrata (L.) Hall & Clem. (spear oracle)

50x 500x

Atriplex triangularis Willd. (spearscale)

50x 500x

Beta vulgaris L. (beet)

100x 1000x

Salicornia subterminalis Parish

100x 1000x

Salicornia virginica L.

Cyperaceae (sedge family)

50x 500x

Carex amplifolia Boott.

30x 300x

Carex barbarae Dewey

50x 500x

Carex densa L. Bailey.

70x 700x

Cyperus eragrostis Lam.

70x 700x

Cyperus niger Ruiz Lopez & Pavon

Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roemer & Schultes

50x 500x

Eleocharis macrostachya Britton

40x 500x

Scirpus acutus Muhl.

40x 400x

Scirpus acutus Bigelow var. occidentalis (S. Watson) Beetle (tule)

50x 500x

Scirpus americanus Pers.

40x 500x

Scirpus californicus (C. Meyer) Steudel1

100x 500x/1500x

Scirpus cernuus (Roemer & Schultes) Vahl. var. calfornicus (Torrey) Beetle

70x 500x

Scirpus koilolepsis (Steudel) Gleason.

30x 300x

Scirpus maritimus L.

20x 200x

Scirpus robustus Pursh.

Fabaceae [Leguminosae] (legume family)

20x 300x/3000x

Lathyrus jepsonii E. Greene. var. californicus (S. Watson) Hoover

50x 1200x

Lotus salsuginosus E. Greene.

20x 300/3000x

Vicia sativa L. ssp. nigra (L.) Erhart

Frankeniaceae (frankenia family)

70x 700x

Frankenia salina (Molina) I.M. Johnston
also
F. grandifolia Cham. & Schldl.
(alkali heath)

Haloragaceae (water-milfoil family)

Myriophyllum aquaticum (Vell. Conc.) Verdc.
also
M. brasiliense Cambess.
(parrot's feather)

Myriophyllum spicatum L. ssp. spicatum (eurasian milfoil)

Hydrocharitaceae (waterweed family)

50x 500x

Najas guadalupensis var. guadalupensis (Sprengel) Magnus (common waternymph)

Iridaceae (iris family)

50x 1000x

Sisyrinchium bellum S. Watson (blue-eyed-grass)

Juncaceae (rush family)

120x 1200x

Juncus balticus Willd.

200x 2000x

Juncus bufonius L. (toad rush)

50x 500x

Juncus effusus L. var. pacificus Fern. & Wieg.

120x 1200x

Juncus lesueurii Bolander

150x 1500x

Juncus mexicanus Willd.

Juncaginaceae (arrow-grass family)

30x 300x

Triglochin maritima L. (seaside arrow-grass)

Lemnaceae (duckweed family)

70x 700x

Lemna gibba L.

Lemna minuta Kunth

50x 500x

Lemna turionifera Landolt

Spirodela polyrrhiza (L.) Schleiden

Wolffiella lingulata (Hegelm.) Hegelm.

Lythraceae (loosestrife family)

Lythrum hyssopifolium L.

Malvaceae (mallow family)

30x 300x

Hibiscus lasiocarpos Cav.
also
H. californicus Kellog
(rose-mallow)

Nymphaeceae (waterlily family)

Nuphar lutea (L.) Sibth. & Sm. ssp. polysepala (Engelm.) E. Beal

Onagraceae (evening primrose family)

70x 700x

Epilobium ciliatum Raf. ssp. ciliatum

70x 700x

Epilobium ciliatum Raf. ssp. watsonii (Barbey) P. Hoch & Raven

50x 500x

Ludwigia peploides (Kunth) Raven ssp. peploides

Poaceae [Gramineae] (grass family)

Deschampsia cespitosa (L.) Beauv. (tufted hairgrass)

Deschampsia caespitosa ssp. holciformis (C. Presl) W.E. Lawr.

Distichlis spicata (L.) E. Greene var. stolonifera. Beetle (saltgrass)

Elymus multisetus (J.G. Smith) Burtt Davy (big squirreltail)

Leymus triticoides (Buckley) Pilger

Phragmites australis (Cav.) Steudel
also
P. communis Trin.
(common reed)

Polygonaceae (buckwheat family)

30x 300x

Polygonum amphibium L. var. emersum Michaux
also
P. coccineum Muhlenb.
(kelp)

40x 400x

Polygonum arenastrum Boreau (common knotweed, doorweed)

Polygonum hydropiperoides Michaux (waterpepper)

40x 400x

Polygonum lapathifolium L. (willow weed)

Potamogetonaceae (pondweed family)

50x 500x

Potamogeton foliosus Raf. var. foliosus (leafy pondweed)

20x

Potamogeton natans L. (floating-leaved pondweed)

30x 300x

Potamogeton nodosus Poiret (long-leaved pondweed)

50x 500x

Potamogeton pectinatus L. (fennel-leaf pondweed)

40x 400x

Potamogeton pusillus L. var. pusillus (small pondweed)

Rosaceae (rose family)

50x 500x

Potentilla anserina L. ssp. pacifica (Howell) Rousi

Salicaceae (willow family)

30x 300x

Populus fremontii S. Watson ssp. fremontii (alamo or fremont cottonwood)

150x 1500x

Salix gooddingii C. Ball var. vallicoli (Dudley) Ball. (goodding's black willow)?

120x 1200x

Salix hindsiana Benth.?

Salix lasiolepsis Benth. (arroyo willow)

Typhaceae (cattail family)

14.7x 150x

Sparganium eurycarpum Engelm. ssp. eurycarpum

Typha angustifolia L. (narrow-leaved cattail)

Typha domingensis Pers. (southern cattail)

15.8x 500x

Typha latifolia L. (broad-leaved cattail)

Urticaceae (nettle family)

70x 700x

Urtica dioica L. ssp. holosericea (Nutt.) Thorne (hoary nettle)

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